One of the primary goals of a marketing plan is to make sure the efforts of the marketing department are appropriate, well thought out, and timely. It’s a strategy for identifying a long-term competitive position and the resources required to achieve it.

A marketing plan is a document detailing an organization’s advertising strategy for generating leads and reaching its target market. Your marketing strategy outlines the outreach and public relations programs that will be implemented over time.

The plan should also assess the impacts of the marketing programs and the potential response of your target client. 

If you want to know more about how to make a marketing plan and its essential factors, keep reading!

How Do You Write A Marketing Plan?

While making a marketing plan may seem daunting for beginners, the process is systematic and requires in-depth knowledge about your product and consumers. 

Below are three simple steps to help you write a marketing plan (marketing plan templates from HubSpot).

1. Make A List Of Your Objectives First

Although setting goals may not be the first step in creating a marketing plan, including the first in your final marketing plan document sets the tone for the rest of the process.

2. Describe Your Findings

Your marketing plan’s base will be researched, which should include:

  • Examine what your rivals are doing and how this can affect your marketing strategy.
  • SWOT Analysis – This is a typical business or marketing strategy analysis of the company’s strengths, weaknesses (limitations), opportunities, and threats (risks).
  • Your Customer Personas – This would include the demographics of the customers you’re targeting, as well as any personas you don’t want to work with.
  • The Buying Cycle of Your Customers – To turn leads, you must first understand how, where, when, and why your target market buys.

These findings should be orderly classified to provide deeper insight into your market and competitors.

3. Describe Your Strategy

It is time to clarify the plan once you have a good understanding of the landscape and your customers. 

In your strategy, clearly state what steps you will take for a successful marketing campaign.

What Are The Basic Elements Of A Marketing Plan?

The four Ps of marketing are product, price, place, and promotion. 

They are essential components of any effective marketing strategy. 

The four Ps’ marketing mix serves as a guide to help the marketing manager create an effective plan for promoting goods and services to consumers.

In a marketing strategy, the idea of a product refers to choosing the best product for your target market. 

1. Product

The product has to be something that the expected consumer wants. 

A target demographic may be:

  • A specific age group, such as young adults
  • A specific geographic region, such as the Midwest or Southeast
  • A specific income class, such as those earning more than $50,000 per year.

Your product should meet all the demands and needs of your target customers to ensure that it will boost your revenue.

2. Price

Pricing is a critical element of the marketing equation. 

Your company first must create something of value for your audience that’s within realistic budgets of the demographics your targeting. 

Products and services must be one that the consumer is willing to pay a predetermined price for that’s competitive among other similar options on the market.

An analysis of market value and competition pricing points are necessary to determine the price customers are willing to pay for a specific product. 

3. Place

Customers will not buy the product or service no matter how good it is if they can’t find it. 

You must first decide where your target audience shops for similar products or services before deciding where to market your product. 

This could be done in a physical store or in an online store.


Once you’ve decided what product you’ll sell, how much you’ll charge, and where you’ll sell it, you’ll need to tell people about it. 

This is where promotion comes into play. 

Word of mouth, newspapers and other print magazines, television, radio advertisements, and internet advertisement are all options for promoting a product or service to your target customers.

The amount of money you have to spend on marketing will influence which methods you use. 

Instead of wasting money on costly radio or television advertisements, a small company with a minimal advertising budget can print and distribute low-cost fliers, or use social media marketing.

How Do You Create A Marketing Plan For A Startup?

1. Decide Your Objectives

Your objectives can change depending on how you define success in the early stages of your company. 

However, many startups’ objectives tend to fall into one of two categories: increasing brand recognition or attracting new customers. 

Although both categories are critical in the growth of your startup, prioritizing the goals that make the most sense for you can be beneficial.

Increase brand recognition—it is critical to introduce yourself to potential customers or clients when beginning a new company. 

You must tell people who you are, what you do, and what distinguishes you from the competition. 

Your goals—and your marketing strategy—might revolve around getting people to recognize your brand name, logo, or goods if you prioritize brand awareness.

2. Understand Who You Specifically Want To Reach & Why

It is important for the ads to reach the right people with the right message, regardless of the form of startup. 

Take the time to consider who your target audience is—or who you want your audience to be—as you plan your marketing campaign.

3. Make A Budget

Several variables, such as overhead costs and sales projections, can influence a startup’s marketing budget. 

Regardless of how much money you may need to initially spend on ads, it is important to spend it wisely. 

Consider your objectives and allocate your marketing budget to the platforms that will assist you in achieving them. 

If a specific channel fails to yield results, do not be afraid to make changes or try something different.

What Is The Most Important Part Of A Marketing Plan?

The most important part of your marketing plan is your targeted customer. 

Any marketer’s single most important task is to understand their target client, and it is a job that never ends. 

It is important to record what you have learned about your customer over the course of the year.

Begin by listing the characteristics of your customer that you have always known to be valid. 

These characteristics are unlikely to change, so you will need to factor them into your strategy on a regular basis. 

Remembering your customer’s core characteristics provides a solid foundation for continuing the elements of your marketing strategy that are likely to succeed.

Learn more: Why Does Marketing Work?

Add to your base knowledge of what you have learned about your customer over the last year that is fresh and different. 

This should include metrics that will most likely change your strategy for next year as a result of what you’ve heard about what your customers want from your brand.

It is also crucial to illustrate any issues you notice with your customers. 

Recognize problems that have begun to take shape but have not yet reached a level of universality. 

You will want to keep an eye on these issues over the year so you can adjust your strategy as needed.

Finally, determine what problems you believe will arise this year and that you should be monitoring in preparation for the following year. 

Maybe there is a glimmer of movement, but you are not sure whether it will materialize. 

Best practice and foundations of creating a marketing plan involve maintaining ongoing awareness of what’s working while having the flexibility to continue taking decisive actions on reports of accurate feedback.